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J. M. Aparicio-Reinoso, M. C. Torrent and C. Masoller paper on "Emergence of spike correlations in periodically forced excitable systems" published in Physical Review E

J. M. Aparicio-Reinoso, M. C. Torrent and C. Masoller paper on "Emergence of spike correlations in periodically forced excitable systems" published in Physical Review E. http://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.032218
J. M. Aparicio-Reinoso, M. C. Torrent and C. Masoller paper on "Emergence of spike correlations in periodically forced excitable systems" published in Physical Review E

In sensory neurons the presence of noise can facilitate the detection of weak information-carrying signals, which are encoded and transmitted via correlated sequences of spikes. Here we investigate the relative temporal order in spike sequences induced by a subthreshold periodic input in the presence of white Gaussian noise. To simulate the spikes, we use the FitzHugh-Nagumo model and to investigate the output sequence of interspike intervals (ISIs), we use the symbolic method of ordinal analysis. We find different types of relative temporal order in the form of preferred ordinal patterns that depend on both the strength of the noise and the period of the input signal. We also demonstrate a resonancelike behavior, as certain periods and noise levels enhance temporal ordering in the ISI sequence, maximizing the probability of the preferred patterns. Our findings could be relevant for understanding the mechanisms underlying temporal coding, by which single sensory neurons represent in spike sequences the information about weak periodic stimuli.

http://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.032218